Wood can be a tedious piece to work with. Either you’re painting a mere wooden sign or beautifying furniture. It might be tiring getting straight, perfect lettering on a wooden surface. This task requires a lot of preparation, patience, and proper painting materials.
Stenciling is a form of art that creates a feeling of creativity as a handmade work of art. The fantastic feeling it leaves us whenever we peel off the stencil to see those great works of imagination is indescribable. Learning how to paint letters on wood with stencils is a fantastic way of bringing out the inner creativity.
How to paint letters on wood with stencils
Painting on wood with stencils is a task that requires a whole deal of concentration, preparation, patients with suitable painting materials and tools to make the entire work easier. However, it’s necessary to know the basic steps to follow to make this great work of art without stress.
Step 1: Preparing your wood
The first thing to do when preparing your wood is to cover the surface you’re working on. No matter how meticulous you might be, it’s always safer to cover any surface you don’t want to get paint on. You can use an old towel, an old newspaper on the surface you’re working on. The next thing to do is clean the wood. Even though it looks neat, you still need to give the surface a clean wipe.
You can dampen a towel with warm water and sweep it all over the surface. In case you’re working on a piece of furniture that has a bit of hardware on it, remove it before you get started at all. If you want to clean your wood surface, you can create a simple cleaning solution that contains a cup of water and a cup of vinegar. Then perhaps if you feel you want to clean deep, you can dip your small towel in a solution containing 1cup of water,1/2 cup of vinegar, and 2tsp of borax.
After cleaning, use wood filler on the surface if it has holes and indentations where you want to apply the paint. The next thing to do is to sand the wood. This is very important, in case you’re working with a piece of furniture that has lacquer or gloss on it, the sandpaper will remove it, making your paint adhere to the surface, and in case you’re using bare wood, it will help to create a smooth canvas for the painting instead of being bumpy and uneven.
Take note while sanding to exert light pressure going with the grain of the wood. Use 100-grit sandpaper to remove any finish on the wood. Once done, you can use higher grit sandpaper to soften the wood. After sanding, dust on the surface will be dust, no matter how small or oblivious it might be. You still have to dust it off anyway. To dust, you can use a clean paintbrush to clear the dust, or you can use a spare towel instead. It’s important to dust the surface thoroughly to make the paint adhering to the surface way easier.
After dusting, apply a primer to the wood. Before you decide to use your colors, it’s necessary to use a primer. Using a paint primer creates the perfect base for paint by sealing the wood’s pores and giving the surface something to stick to securely. It’ll help to prevent your paint from fading and chipping off.
Step 2: Using Stencils
The first thing to do is to design your lettering. If you’re a pro in freehand ability, you can skip this step, but if you’re a beginner, or you’re not good with freehand. You want to get perfect letters, you can easily design them on the computer using Microsoft Word, typing your desired letters and print it out.
The next thing to do is to trace your letters onto the wood. There are various methods of outlining. One approach is to cut out your notes from the paper and Trace around them, but this will only work if your letters are significant, even, and easy to cut out. Then flip your printed page over to have you working on the blank side.
Then use a pencil to color everywhere so that pencil lead will be on the back of all your printed letters, then turn the page over and put it on your piece of wood in such a way that the printed letters will be facing up. After that, use your pencil to trace over every line of the letter once again, then remove the paper. The lead on the backside of the paper would have transferred onto the wood with the pressure of your tracing, giving you space to fill with paint, then it’s a go-to creating perfect lettering!
You can get a precut stencil that is perfect for painting letters on wood at a craft store. To get a better result, you’ll need a stencil paintbrush as well as a spray adhesive. At this point, total concentration and patience are required. Take your time to line up the stencil onto the wood in the exact way you want your lettering to appear. You can use a pencil to mark up the stencil to show where it should lay on the wood.
Shake your can of spray adhesive and spray lightly on the stencil to make it stick on the wood to prevent it from shifting during painting. Once your stencil is stuck on the wood, use a stencil brush to lightly dab acrylic paint onto the wood through the stencil. Allow your paint to dry for a few minutes before removing the stencil from the wood.
Step 3: painting letters
When it comes to freehand painting, it’s good to have various brush sizes and textures to choose from. Brushes with square bristles are the best for creating the thick and straight outlines of letters, while small brushes are great for details. To ensure your letters are straight, you can use a ruler.
To have even letters across the wood surface, it’s advisable to use a straight-edge with a pencil and then outline a soft line to follow. Dab a bit of paint onto a paper plate before painting. Be careful to follow any lines you’ve put in the wood, and in case of mistakes, use a clean, damp towel to wipe it away gently.
Step 4: Finishing
Acrylic paint dries pretty fast, but I recommend you give it few hours to ensure it’s scorched, and if you feel you need to apply a second coat to any of your letters, you can do that after the first coat is dry. Then use a clear acrylic polyurethane topcoat that will seal your painted letters on the wood. Then ensure your sealed work sits for at least 24hours to make sure it’s completely dry and your excellent piece of art is ready.
How to use stencils with spray paint
A stencil is a fantastic way of adding graphical illustrations on woods, furniture, and other surfaces.
Using spray paints is the fastest way to paint your stencil. It can also make a few significant effects as it blends colors by spraying on top of the other or together. It also creates excellent results by spreading close and far away from the stencil. However, using spray paint has a disadvantage as it is hazardous to health if exposed to too much or breathed in. So it’s advisable to take the necessary precautions, like wearing a suitable and wearing a right nose mask, safety eye goggles, disposable gloves, and working in a well-ventilated environment.
The following steps will guide you on how to use stencils with spray paint;
Step 1: Attach and position your stencil.
First off, spray the back of the stencil with a thin mist of a spray mount adhesive, then allow it to dry for close to 30 seconds until the stencil becomes tacky. You can also use a low tack tape to attach the stencil to the surface, but it’s more advisable to use the spray mount to ensure that the stencil is held flat to the surface. Before using spraying paints, use paper to tape the rest of the surface to mask the surrounding areas.
Step 2: Painting
Use fast-drying and acrylic based paints. Test spray on scrap cardboard to make sure the spray can be working correctly. I’m sure you don’t want to get stuck with a faulty spray nozzle. Before using, make sure you shake the spray can, and while painting, be careful not to spray too close to the stencil as the paint will drip under the stencil. You can spray the stencil by releasing it in short bursts, and another method is to apply the paint by sweeping the can back and forth over the stencil to make the paint settle perfectly.
Step 3: Peel the stencil
Carefully remove the papers used to cover the rest of the surface without touching the stencil. One significant fact is that you don’t have to wait for the stencil to dry before you peel it off. You can also speed up the drying process by using a hand dryer on a low medium setting.
Materials and tools needed to paint letters on wood.
- Stencil Ease
- Spray adhesive
- Clear acrylic polyurethane finish.
- Newspaper, towel.
- Sandpaper (100 grit & 120 – 220 grit)
- Wood paint primer
- Acrylic paint
- Spray-painting mask
- Disposable gloves
- Paint tray
- Cosmetic sponge.
Simple steps on how to paint letters on wood and other surfaces.
- Make sure the surface you’re stenciling is clean and smooth.
- Use repositionable spray adhesive to hold the stencil in place.
- Dab a little of the paint on a paper table.
- Gently place a cosmetic sponge in the paint to wipe off excess paint.
- Lightly dab the paint straight down onto the area you’re stenciling.
- Remove the stencil
- To fill in the stencil marks, use a toothpick, gently dip it in your paint, and then carefully use it to trace the paintbrush to fill in the stencil gaps.
Conclusion- How to paint letters on wood with stencils
Painting on wood and other surfaces is another aspect of art that inspires creativity. Apart from the beautiful designs stenciling gives, it is economical as it provides more color and life to furniture, surfaces making it look more creative, vibrant, and inspiring.
Learning how to paint wood and stenciling is a great way of creating a unique handcrafted design on any surface, including walls, wood, fabric, floor, paper, and metal.
So far, various steps, methods, and guidelines have been outlined to help anyone paint a block of wood from scratch and, at the same time, help professionals in getting more detailed information about stenciling.
Hey there, I am Joseph and I have grown up as a son of an enthusiastic woodworker and I continued in the craft after his demise. Above all, this site is in homage to my old man. He is the one that taught me to make beautiful things out of my woodworking experiences.
Sharing something so special with someone I look up to impacted me in ways that I cannot express. This is something that I want to share with the world. I am grateful to be able to share with our growing community online! Thank you all!
This page contains some tips, recommended accessories, tools, and extras that you might need to make your woodworking experience a success.