Sanding has proven to be a very potent way of removing dirt, grime and stain from wood, and as much as it might be a reliable method of stain removal, it has its cons as it might tamper with the wood’s sharp edges as well as scrape more wood than you intend.
Perhaps you’ve been wondering how to remove stain from wood without sanding. Then I’ll say this is the right article for you.
Although sanding is a reliable method of stain removal still, it has its disadvantages. It gives wood dust particles that are not healthy when inhaled too often and not suitable for those with respiratory tract diseases or those suffering from allergic rhinitis. The dust from the wood particles can be an irritant.
You might be wondering that other stain removal methods might not be as effective as sanding but guess what?
Apart from sanding, there are various other ways of removing stains that will reduce your exposure to wood dust, make your wood shine brighter without scraping off too much and one beautiful thing is that these methods are effective and simple to use, some of which are the use of refinishers, liquid and gel strippers and premixed solution.
This article contains various methods of stain removal and outlined steps on how to apply your stain removers.
Methods of stain removal
Refinisher is a chemically prepared solution that binds to the wood to remove any form of stain. Steel wools are used to incorporate the solution into the wood to detach the stains away from the wood surface. One amazing characteristic of this stain remover is that it is effective and works immediately it gets on the wood.
Stain stripping solution
stain stripping solutions can be in mixed powder form, mixed solution and premixed solution, but we’re recommending that you go for a premixed solution because all you have to do is just apply it on the wood.
Stripping solutions are effective and mostly in the form of a paste that dries once applied to the wood. Once they dry on the wood, you can dampen with a little amount of the solution and give it a few minutes to dry before scraping off with a dull edge scraper.
Liquid and gel strippers
These are chemically bound stain removals that macerate the wood to slacken the previous finish, and heat guns are applied to soften it. They’re mostly used to remove varnish and stain and need scraping.
They take less time to work, which means that you can have your stains off in less than an hour. When working with chemical strippers, ensure you work in a well-ventilated area as the pungent smell might be choking. Standard hear guns might scorch your wood.
One thing you have to note is that chemical strippers can blotch or stain the areas surrounding the place you’re working on, which means perhaps you’re working on a railing, you have to cover the walls and floors beneath and around the railings making use of either a painters tape or drop rags.
You can also drape your other furniture with drop cloths to avoid the strippers staining them unnecessarily. In case you’re using a heat gun, make use of drop close to trap the scraped soft varnish but most importantly, work in a well-ventilated area.
Steps on how to remove stain from wood without sanding
This particular method of stain removal from wood is not all that entirely different from the normal way you’ll strip your wood, but it’ll reduce your exposure to wood dust.
Step 1: Apply a refinisher or stain stripping solution
You can make use of either a refinisher or a stain stripping solution. Refinishers are easy to use, but having your steel wool will make your work a lot easier.
To get the stain off your wood, all you have to do is pour a moderate amount of refinisher on the steel wool and then gently rub it into the wood in a circular motion.
The stain comes off immediately when you start rubbing on the wood, and it’s more effective when you use a new sponge, which implies that you have to change the sponges often.
You have to be cautious of working in a ventilated area because the refinisher has a sharp smell. Always use gloves whenever you’re working with a refinisher.
Sometimes you might come across stubborn stains; you don’t have to worry about that. All you have to do is change the steel wool and apply little force on the area till you see your wood having a brighter look.
Using a stain stripping solution is another method of stain removal from wood. Although there are various stain stripping solutions like the powder mixed and mixed solution, it is advisable to go for a premixed solution to remove the stain perfectly.
To start with, pour a considerable quantity of the premixed solution onto the surface of the wood, then, using a paintbrush, spread it uniformly across the wood.
To get effective results, you have to give it ample time to work its way into the wood for at least 20 minutes. The mixed solution works fast, and you’ll notice some part of the solution getting dry.
For the dry areas, you can add a little stripper just to dampen the portions but be careful not to scratch the applied solution.
Step 2: Scrape off the premixed solution
For this step, you’ll need a scraper to get the stripper from the wood surface. Ensure the scraper you’re using doesn’t have a sharp edge because, at this point, the wood is softened and might chop off the wood more than you intend, which is why you should make use of a scraper with a dull edge.
Simply skim the dull edge of the scraper over the surface of the wood to remove all the remaining ant of the solution.
Step three: Reapply stripping solution using steel wool.
To reapply the stripper, you’ll be making use of steel wool that is either moderately coarse or coarse. Take a little amount of the stripping solution and uniformly apply it to the wood. Use the steel wool to apply the stripper along the grain of the wood.
This will help you to avoid scratch marks on the wood. Cross graining will make scratch match inevitable as it’ll eventually be visible. As you apply the stripper, you might notice the steel wool clogging.
To avoid this, you might use a part of the steel wool that isn’t clogged or to bed on a safer side have extra ones at hand.
Step four: Deactivate the stripper.
There are various ways to deactivate the stripper. You can use steel wool, rag and water. You can spray water on the rag using a spray bottle and then rub it all over the wood to eliminate the remaining stripping solution on the wood.
Furthermore, you can then use the steel wool to rub over the whole expanse of the wood to remove any remain ant, and after that, you can use a dampened rag to clean once and for all, and you have your wood all looking bright and new!
Step five: Apply stain or coats
You can choose to restain your wood, although it’s optional. To restain, make sure you apply in thin coats so that the wood grain will show through the coat. Also, you can make use of a wood conditioner before staining to get a more uniform result, and there you have, your wood staying bright!
Equipment and materials needed
- Steel wool
- Spray bottle
- Clean rag
- Scraper (dull edge)
- Stripping solution.
All the methods outlined are chemically prepared, and you must take note of some things.
- Most of the stripping solutions have a pungent smell that might be a choking hazard if care is not taken. Before working on your wood, make sure you work outdoors or in a well-ventilated area, and if you’re easily affected by fumes, you can make use of nose masks.
- Make use of gloves and eye goggles to avoid a splash of the solution getting in your eye.
Conclusion – How to remove stain from wood without sanding
Sanding is one of the most used techniques of removing stains, but the wood dust it produces is not healthy when often inhaled, and those asthmatics who can’t use the method or allergic might pose a danger to their health.
So far, we’ve seen various methods of removing stains from wood apart from sanding, and you don’t necessarily don’t have to be a pro before you get stains off from your wood.
Both refinishers, stripping solutions, and gel strippers effectively remove built-up grime, dirt, and previous varnish. Basically, they all bind to the varnish and weaken them, which makes them lose their hold on the wood, and eventually, you have your wood good as new!